The SAT is a standardized test that assesses a student’s skills in four core areas: Reading, Writing & Language, Math, and Essay (optional).

SAT Exam Details

SAT Reading Includes

In this section, there will be four individual passages and one passage pair, which means there will be about 10-12 questions for each passage/passage pair. At least one of the passages will have graphics, such as tables, graphs, and charts accompanying it. Each passage, or passage pair set, will be at about 500 to 750 words also.

There will be at least one passage from each of the following topics:

  • U.S. or world literature
  • U.S. founding document or a text inspired by one
  • Social science (such as economics, psychology, sociology, etc.)
  • Science (Earth science, biology, chemistry, or physics)

Reading: Skills Tested

  • Command of Evidence (10 Questions)
  • Words in Context (10 Questions)
  • Analysis in History/Social Science and Science (32 Questions)

Reading Details

SAT SectionsDuration (in min.)QuestionsContent/Skills CoveredQuestion Types
Reading6552Passages or pairs of passages (literature, historical documents, social sciences, and natural sciences)Multiple-choice

SAT Reading Scoring System

SectionTotal # of PointsScaled ScoreTime/Question (Approx.)Question Type
Reading5210-401 Min. 25 Sec.Multiple Choice
EBRW (Reading + Writing & Language)96200-800NANA

SAT Writing & Language Includes

Like the Reading section also, all questions in the SAT Writing and Language are based on passages. This section contains four passages with 11 questions following each passage. Passages will cover either Career, Social Studies, Humanities, or Science:

  • Major professional fields, such as medicine, technology, or business.
  • Topics from history, anthropology, psychology, political science, or sociology are there also.
  • Humanities moreover trends in literature, drama, art, music, or dance.
  • Science passages will therefore focus on Earth science, biology, chemistry, or physics.

Writing & Language: Skills Tested

  • Expression of Ideas (24 questions)
  • Standard English Conventions (20 questions)

Exam Details for SAT Writing

SAT SectionDuration (in min)QuestionContent/skill coveredQuestion type
Writing& Languages3544Grammar, vocabulary in context, and editing skillMultiple-choice

SAT Math Includes

SAT Math is moreover divided into two sections, depending on whether or not a calculator is allowed. During the first section, when you cannot use a calculator, you’ll have 25 minutes to answer 15 multiple-choice questions and 5 grid-in questions. For the second section, when you can use a calculator, you’ll have 55 minutes to answer 30 multiple-choice questions and 8 grid-ins, including an Extended Thinking problem.

Math: Skills Tested

  • Problem Solving and Data Analysis (17 questions)
  • Passport to Advanced Math (16 questions)
  • Additional Topics in Math (6 questions)
  • Heart of Algebra (19 questions)

Exam Details for SAT Math :

SAT Essay

The SAT Essay is the only optional section of the exam. You’ll be given a passage by an author who has taken a stance on a particular issue, and further you’ll need to analyze how the author builds her argument, what the strengths and weaknesses of the argument are, and how the argument could be improved. You won’t be taking your own stance on the issue moreover.

Essay: Skills Tested

  • The first major skill you are graded on for the essay is your ability to analyze an argument and;
  • Secondly understand how evidence and rhetorical devices contribute to an argument.
  • While you’ll want your essay to be clear and easy to understand, a few minor spelling and grammar errors won’t lose you points, so you don’t have to worry about your essay being technically perfect.

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